Peace is possible – we can work for secure neighbourhood

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCFri, 30 Sep 2011 23:22:05 +0000 25,2007

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Everybody can participate in making peaceful and secure environment possible.


Mitt lille land

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCFri, 30 Sep 2011 22:18:44 +0000 25,2007

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Mitt lille land av Ole Paus

Mitt lille land
Et lite sted der en håndfull fred slengt ut
blant vidder og fjord

Mitt lille land,
der høye fjell står plantet mellom hus og mennesker og ord.
Og der stillhet, og drømmer gror.
Som et ekko, i karrig jord.

Mitt lille land,
der havet stryker mildt og mykt, som kjærtegn fra kyst til kyst.

Mitt lille land,
der stjerner glir forbi og blir et landskap når det blir lyst.
mens natten, står blek og tyst.

Mitt lille land
Et lite sted der en håndfull fred slengt ut
blant vidder og fjord.

Mitt lille land,
der høye fjell står plantet mellom hus og mennesker og ord.
Og der stillhet, og drømmer gror.
Som et ekko, i karrig jord.

The Palestine seeking recognition as a state September 2011

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCFri, 30 Sep 2011 22:11:05 +0000 25,2007

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CNN – video and the quotation from the newsletter of the European Greens

The European Parliament today adopted a resolution on Palestine in the context of the current bid for UN recognition of the Palestinian state. The Greens welcomed the strong majority in favour of the resolution, which represents a clear message on how the EU should orient itself to supporting Palestine. After the vote, Greens/EFA co-president Dany Cohn-Bendit said:
“The EU should stand clearly behind Palestine and the support of a large majority of the European Parliament for the resolution adopted today sends a clear message to this end.
“Instead of idly standing by and waiting for this deadlock in the peace talks to be broken, the EU should proactively support the initiative by Palestine and try and force Israel to constructively reengage in negotiations. Today’s resolution points the right direction in this regard. The current divisions within the EU are undermining our ability to help get the peace process back on track. The EU should speak with a common voice and the previous Council statement on the Middle East provides a good basis for this. The Greens believe the EU should end its ambiguous stance and recognise the existence of a Palestinian state based on the 1967 borders.
“The illegal settlements, and the Israeli government’s support for this odious practice, are an obvious barrier to progressing the peace talks. The EU must both call for a complete stop of all settlement activities and unequivocally condemn the new settlements that are still being announced. MEPs have today clearly stated this and called for the EU to immediately restart the talks based on the proposals of the Quartet. Cynically kowtowing to the Israeli government will do nothing for peace in the Middle East.”

Mama of Africa – Prof Wangari Maathai, Peace Prize Winner 2004 – RIP

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCFri, 30 Sep 2011 21:52:50 +0000 25,2007

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The death of Prof Wangari Maathai on 25 September 2011 came unexpectedly and has shocked and saddened very many people all over the world. She contributed so much to the world through the Green Belt Movement, through her work promoting women’s rights, and through her tireless campaigns for peace and the environment, especially in Africa.
Prof Maathai was a courageous and committed woman, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004 for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace.
Prof Maathai was imprisoned several times for her outspoken advocacy but never deterred from campaigning.
She was an inspirational public speaker and always an imposing figure in magnificent colourful African dress.
Around the world she will be sadly missed as inspiration to many people promoting sustainable development, peace and democracy.
– – – – – – – – – – – – –

Wangari Muta Maathai was born in Nyeri, Kenya (Africa) in 1940. The first woman in East and Central Africa to earn a doctorate degree. Wangari Maathai obtained a degree in Biological Sciences from Mount St. Scholastica College in Atchison, Kansas (1964). She subsequently earned a Master of Science degree from the University of Pittsburgh (1966). She pursued doctoral studies in Germany and the University of Nairobi, obtaining a Ph.D. (1971) from the University of Nairobi where she also taught veterinary anatomy. She became chair of the Department of Veterinary Anatomy and an associate professor in 1976 and 1977 respectively. In both cases, she was the first woman to attain those positions in the region. Wangari Maathai was active in the National Council of Women of Kenya in 1976-87 and was its chairman in 1981-87. It was while she served in the National Council of Women that she introduced the idea of planting trees with the people in 1976 and continued to develop it into a broad-based, grassroots organization whose main focus is the planting of trees with women groups in order to conserve the environment and improve their quality of life. However, through the Green Belt Movement she has assisted women in planting more than 20 million trees on their farms and on schools and church compounds.

In 1986, the Movement established a Pan African Green Belt Network and has exposed over 40 individuals from other African countries to the approach. Some of these individuals have established similar tree planting initiatives in their own countries or they use some of the Green Belt Movement methods to improve their efforts. So far some countries have successfully launched such initiatives in Africa (Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Lesotho, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, etc). In September 1998, she launched a campaign of the Jubilee 2000 Coalition. She has embarked on new challenges, playing a leading global role as a co-chair of the Jubilee 2000 Africa Campaign, which seeks cancellation of the unpayable backlog debts of the poor countries in Africa by the year 2000. Her campaign against land grabbing and rapacious allocation of forests land has caught the limelight in the recent past.

Wangari Maathai is internationally recognized for her persistent struggle for democracy, human rights and environmental conservation. She has addressed the UN on several occasions and spoke on behalf of women at special sessions of the General Assembly for the five-year review of the earth summit. She served on the commission for Global Governance and Commission on the Future. She and the Green Belt Movement have received numerous awards, most notably The 2004 Nobel Peace Prize. Others include The Sophie Prize (2004), The Petra Kelly Prize for Environment (2004), The Conservation Scientist Award (2004), J. Sterling Morton Award (2004), WANGO Environment Award (2003), Outstanding Vision and Commitment Award (2002), Excellence Award from the Kenyan Community Abroad (2001), Golden Ark Award (1994), Juliet Hollister Award (2001), Jane Adams Leadership Award (1993), Edinburgh Medal (1993), The Hunger Project’s Africa Prize for Leadership (1991), Goldman Environmental Prize (1991), the Woman of the World (1989), Windstar Award for the Environment (1988), Better World Society Award (1986), Right Livelihood Award (1984) and the Woman of the Year Award (1983). Professor Maathai was also listed on UNEP’s Global 500 Hall of Fame and named one of the 100 heroines of the world. In June 1997, Wangari was elected by Earth Times as one of 100 persons in the world who have made a difference in the environmental arena. Professor Maathai has also received honorary doctoral degrees from several institutions around the world: William’s College, MA, USA (1990), Hobart & William Smith Colleges (1994), University of Norway (1997) and Yale University (2004).

The Green Belt Movement and Professor Wangari Maathai are featured in several publications including The Green Belt Movement: Sharing the Approach (by Professor Wangari Maathai, 2002), Speak Truth to Power (Kerry Kennedy Cuomo, 2000), Women Pioneers for the Environment (Mary Joy Breton, 1998), Hopes Edge: The Next Diet for a Small Planet (Frances Moore Lappé and Anna Lappé, 2002), Una Sola Terra: Donna I Medi Ambient Despres de Rio (Brice Lalonde et al., 1998), Land Ist Leben (Bedrohte Volker, 1993).

Professor Maathai serves on the boards of several organizations including the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament, The Jane Goodall Institute, Women and Environment Development Organization (WEDO), World Learning for International Development, Green Cross International, Environment Liaison Center International, the WorldWIDE Network of Women in Environmental Work and National Council of Women of Kenya.

In December 2002, Professor Maathai was elected to parliament with an overwhelming 98% of the vote. She was subsequently appointed by the president, as Assistant Minister for Environment, Natural Resources and Wildlife in Kenya’s ninth parliament.

From Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Prizes 2004, Editor Tore Frängsmyr, [Nobel Foundation], Stockholm, 2005

Finnish Peace Committee – a short description

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCTue, 20 Sep 2011 21:36:06 +0000 25,2007

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The Finnish Peace Committee was founded in 1949 as politically independent non-govenrment organisation. It aims at promoting peace, disarmament, tolerance, human rights and global equality.
Social justice and clean environment are regarded cornerstones for building the citizens’ security.

The Finnish Peace Committee is one of foremost organizations of the peace movement in Finland, and it opposes to Finland’s membership to NATO or WEU and supports Finland to work with the UN, and to remain outside of any military allies.

The Finnish Peace Committee publishes the magazine Rauhan puolesta both in print and online, it organises seminars, distributes pamphlets, and lobbies for peace and human rights. One of the most important annual events is the UN Disarmament week in October. It has particularly criticised Finland’s refusal to participate in international treaties banning nuclear and cluster bombs.

Current development co-operation projects take place in Angola, Nicaragua.
The Finnish Peace Committee participates in the network and other activities with many international organisations. The Finnish Peace Committee is a member organisation in the
International Peace Bureau which was founded in 1892. The Finnish Peace Committee keeps active contacts with the World Peace Council.

There are about 2,500 members in the Finnish Peace Committee all over Finland

Security Policy
The Finnish Peace Committee participated in the activities against NATO membership in March in connection with the NATO high level conference held in Finland. Grassroots level anti-NATO activities were organised in Helsinki, Juuka, Jyväskylä, Turku, Vantaa, Kemi.
The Finnish Peace Committee áctively discussed Finland’s participation in Afghanistan, and sent an active member to visit the country. The book will be published.

Western Sahara and Swaziland were the main interest areas in Africa.
Middle-East and Palestine is an important issue. The book by Mads Gilbert and Erik Fosse about Gaza Strip was published in Finnish.

Peace Education
Peace Education Institute was supported and the book Cultural Encounters was published.

Nuclear Nonproliferation
The Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons,NPT has 189 signatory states including the People’s Republic of China, France, Russian Federation, the UK, and the United States.Notable non-signatories to the NPT are Israel, Pakistan, and India.
Uranium weapons are not currently banned by Arms Control Law. However, as their use clearly runs counter to several principles of International Humanitarian Law, there is a growing acceptance among states and policy makers that a solution is required to outlaw their use. ICBUW supports the development of a treaty ban on the use of uranium in non-nuclear weapons but a successful outcome will depend on a shift in thinking away from the simple cause and effect impact of landmines and cluster munitions towards a new paradigm based on precaution. Progress is underway, and the growing disquiet over uranium weapons was reinforced by a third landslide resolution at the UN General Assembly with 148 states backing calls for more transparency over where the weapons have been used.
Full transparency is a crucial issue when seeking to minimise the hazards to civilians from the use of uranium weapons. While varying in their approach to the risks from depleted uranium, the World Health Organisation, International Atomic Energy Agency and United Nations Environment Programme all highlight the importance of hazard awareness and remediation work on contaminated sites.

General bi-annual Conference was held in April 2010.
The chairperson is Mr Markku Kangaspuro, Helsinki.
Vice-chairpersons Ms. Kirsti Era, Juuka and Ms. Tuula Sykkö, Kemi.
The other board members ( 17) come from different parts of Finland:
Leena Ikävalko-Kurittu, Jyväskylä
Tarja Jalovaara, Tampere,
Tarja Juhila, Pori
Anna-Liisa Karpov, Turku
Pekka Koskinen, Helsinki
Leona Kotilainen, Helsinki
Jussi Lilja, Helsinki
Stig Lång, Vaasa
Karim Maiche, Toijala
Teemu Matinpuro, Helsinki
Raimo Parviainen, Tampere
Tanja Pelttari, Porvoo
Tapio Solala, Pori
Heikki Tervahattu, Helsinki
Juha-Pekka Väisänen, Helsinki
Esa Ylikoski, Vantaa
Mauri Perä

The Finnish Peace Committee is a publisher and 12 books about sustainable development, peace education, social justice and global peace issues were published.

The Wokrplaces Peace Movement is part of The Finnish Peace Committee acitivities: every year an excursion to meet the peace movement and trade union members in St Petersburgh is organised as well as an annual Finnish trade unionists/workplaces event. The Peace Committee for the work places/trade unionists has 29 members from all over Finland.

Nuclear Power – Costs, Risks and Myths of Nuclear Power

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCWed, 14 Sep 2011 22:29:13 +0000 25,2007

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Reaching Critical Will Update

Report on the Costs, Risks and Myths of Nuclear Power

Costs, risks, and myths of nuclear power: NGO world-wide study on the implications of the catastrophe at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station is a collaborative work of non-governmental researchers, scientists, and activists.

It was released on 11 September 2011, six months after the disaster at Fukushima and in advance of the high-level meeting on nuclear safety and security that UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon will convene at the United Nations on 22 September.

Its release is also timed to coincide with the UN system-wide study of the implications of Fukushima commissioned by Ban.

Lapland Peace Committee recommends this publication.

Women for Peace – International Movement

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCWed, 14 Sep 2011 22:05:21 +0000 25,2007

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War is waged between two or more states but contemporary conflicts are at least as destructive and horrible as a so called “regular” war. It is women and children and the elderly who increasingly suffer the most. In contemporary conflicts, as much as 90 percent of casualties are among civilians, most of whom are women and children. Women in war-torn societies may face devastating forms of sexual violence, which are sometimes deployed systematically to achieve military or political objectives. Women are the first to be affected by infrastructure breakdown, as they struggle to keep families together and care for the wounded. And women may also be forced to turn to sexual exploitation in order to survive and support their families.

Even after conflict has ended, the impacts of sexual violence persist, including unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections and stigmatization. Widespread sexual violence itself may continue or even increase in the aftermath of conflict, as a consequence of insecurity and impunity. Coupled with discrimination and inequitable laws, sexual violence can prevent women from accessing education, becoming financially independent and from participating in governance and peacebuilding.

Moreover, women continue to be poorly represented in formal peace processes, although they contribute in many informal ways to conflict resolution. In recent peace negotiations, for which such information is available, women have represented fewer than 8 percent of participants and fewer than 3 percent of signatories, and no woman has ever been appointed chief or lead mediator in UN-sponsored peace talks. Such exclusion invariably leads to a failure to adequately address women’s concerns, such as sexual and gender-based violence, women’s rights and post-conflict accountability.

United Nations Resolutions
However, the UN Security Council now recognizes that women’s exclusion from peace processes contravenes their rights, and that including women and gender perspectives in decision-making can strengthen prospects for sustainable peace. This recognition was formalized in October 2000 with the unanimous adoption of resolution 1325 on women, peace and security. The landmark resolution specifically addresses the situation of women in armed conflict and calls for their participation at all levels of decision-making on conflict resolution and peacebuilding.

Since the agenda was set with the core principles of resolution 1325, four supporting resolutions have been adopted by the Security Council — 1820, 1888, 1889 and 1960. The five resolutions focus on three key goals:

•Strengthening women’s participation in decision-making— Resolution 1325 (2000) calls for strengthening women’s agency as peacemakers and peacebuilders, including their participation in conflict prevention and peace processes, early recovery, governance and in peace operations. Resolution 1889 (2009) complements 1325 by calling for the establishment of global indicators to measure progress on its implementation.
•Ending sexual violence and impunity — Resolution 1820 (2008) calls for an end to widespread conflict-related sexual violence and for accountability in order to end impunity. Resolution 1888 (2009) focuses on strengthening leadership, expertise and other institutional capacities within the United Nations and in member states to help put an end to conflict-related sexual violence.
•Provide an accountability system — Resolution 1960 mandates the Secretary-General to list those parties credibly suspected of committing or being responsible for patterns of sexual violence in situations on the Council’s agenda. Relevant sanctions committees will be briefed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, and may take action against listed parties. SCR 1960 also calls for the establishment of monitoring, analysis, and reporting arrangements specific to conflict-related sexual violence.
Together, these resolutions provide a powerful framework and mandate for implementing and measuring change in the lives of women in conflict-affected countries. A number of other thematic resolutions, policies and legal instruments also overlap and complement this agenda.

UN Women’s Approach
Since the adoption of UN Security Council resolution 1325, UN Women’s work on peace and security issues has been driven by its goals. UN Women supports projects that focus on increasing women’s participation in decision-making, promoting the use of gender perspectives in policy development, strengthening the protection of women affected by conflict, countering conflict-related sexual violence, amplifying calls for accountability and advancing the status of women in post-conflict settings.

UN Women programming focuses on four key thematic areas:

•Security & Justice
•Sexual & Gender-Based Violence
•Post-Conflict & Humanitarian Planning

Source: UniFem – UN Fund for Women

Social Forum now in Northern Finland

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCWed, 14 Sep 2011 21:57:25 +0000 25,2007

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Demand for Referendum on Nuclear Power and Uranium in Finland by Citizens Movements

Posted On thUTCp30UTC09bUTCWed, 14 Sep 2011 21:48:50 +0000 25,2007

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Vaadimme kansanäänestystä ydinvoimasta ja uraanikaivoshankkeista

Suomessa on rakenteilla yksi ydinvoimala ja rakentamislupaa odottaa kaksi periaatepäätösluvan saanutta ydinvoimalahanketta. Suomessa on vireillä myös kymmeniä kaivoshankkeita, joiden malmioihin kuuluu uraani. Ydinvoima- ja uraanikaivoshankkeissaan Suomi on poikkeus, sillä muualla kehittyneen teknologian maissa pyritään ydinvoimasta pois eikä uraanikaivoksia ole enää muissa EU-maissa.

Ydinvoimaenergiaan liittyy kohtuuttoman suuria riskejä.

Tapahtuneiden suurten ydinvoimalaonnettomuuksien syyt ovat olleet erilaisia. Three Mile Island (Harrisburg) -voimalan ja Tshernobylin onnettomuudet johtuivat osin teknisistä puutteista, osin inhimillisistä syistä, Fukushiman katastrofin aiheuttivat luonnonvoimat. Terrori-iskuilta ydinvoimalat ovat toistaiseksi säästyneet, mutta kasvavaa terrorin uhkaa ei voida jättää huomiotta. Ydinvoimayhtiöiden vakuutteluista huolimatta ydinvoimalat ovat haavoittuvia ja kaikkiin mahdollisiin uhkatekijöihin varautuminen on osoittautunut mahdottomaksi, kuten Japanin laaja, yhä jatkuva ydinvoimalakatastrofi osoitti. Suomessakin voi tapahtua käytännössä sama mikä tapahtui Fukushimassa: lauhdeveden virtaus voi tukkeutua esim. tankkerin öljyvuodon tai Pohjois-Suomessa myös ahtojäiden vuoksi. Perämeren pohjukka on myös seismisesti levotonta aluetta.

Olkiluoto 3:n rakennusprosessiin liittyy kohtuuttoman paljon epäselvyyksiä, ks. mm. ja

Myöskään normaalisti toimiessaan ydinvoimala ei ole haitaton ympäristölle eikä ihmisille. Saksalaistutkimuksessa vv. 1980-2003 Saksan 16 ydinvoimalan suojavyöhykkeillä asuvissa alle 5-vuotiaissa lapsissa todettiin leukemiaa yli kaksinkertainen määrä muualla asuviin verrattuna, ks.

Uraanikaivokset ovat aiheuttaneet mittavia ympäristötuhoja ja terveyshaittoja kaikkialla, mm. Australiassa, Kanadassa ja Ranskassa. EU-maissa ei enää olekaan muita toimivia uraanikaivoksia kuin Talvivaara, joka on aloittanut toimintansa jo ennen laillista lupaa. Se on jo toimintansa alkumetreillä aiheuttanut ympäristöhaittoja.

Oman, ajallisesti käsittämättömän mittavan ongelmansa muodostavat korkea-aktiiviset ydinjätteet. Niiden loppusijoitus on kaikkialla maailmassa ratkaisematta, ja muualla kuin Suomessa ydinjätteen loppusijoitusprojektit onkin keskeytetty toteuttamiskelvottomina. Posivan loppusijoituspaikan periaatepäätös vietiin eduskunnassa läpi uusien voimalalupien käsittelyn ohessa läpihuutojuttuna, vaikka asiantuntijat, mm. geologian professori Matti Saarnisto, antoivat alueen geologiasta jyrkän kielteisiä lausuntoja.

Posivan (ja Fennovoiman mahdollisen oman loppusijoituspaikan) valmistuessa on myös pelättävissä, että muut EU-maat vaativat oikeutta sijoittaa sinne omia ydinjätteitään. Aiheesta puhutaan tässä saksalaisartikkelissa, jossa Olkiluoto mainitaan nimeltä:

Ydinvoimasta pois

Ydinvoima ei ole kannattavaa edes kansantaloudellisesti, ja se on huono keino ilmastonmuutoksen torjunnassa.,

Sen lisäksi että ydinvoima on kohtuuttoman riskialtis, se on myös kallis ja tarpeeton energiamuoto ja täysin korvattavissa uusiutuvilla.

EU:n talousmahtimaa Saksa tekikin vastikään päätöksen luopua ydinvoimasta vuoteen 2020 mennessä. Sveitsi on tehnyt päätöksen sulkea ydinvoimalansa vuoteen 2034 mennessä. Italian kansa äänesti myös ydinvoimaa vastaan.

Kansanäänestyksiä on ydinvoimasta järjestetty aiemminkin: Itävalta päätti v. 1978 jättää rakenteilla olleen ydinvoimalan käynnistämättä, Ruotsin kansanäänestys hylkäsi ydinvoiman v. 1980.

Myös Suomessa on uudelleenarvioinnin paikka. Vaadimme Suomeen syksyn 2012 kunnallisvaalien yhteyteen kansanäänestystä seuraavista asioista:

1. Olkiluoto 3:n käynnistyslupa

2. Fennovoiman ja TVO:n rakentamisluvat

3. Lisäydinvoiman hyväksyttävyys

4. Uraanikaivosluvat, mukaan lukien kaivoshankkeet, joissa uraani on yhtenä osana malmiota

5. Posivan Onkalo-projektin jatkaminen

Meri-Lapin ydinverkosto

Karsikon puolesta Ry

Lappilaiset Uraanivoimaa Vastaan ry

Pro Hanhikivi

Naiset Rauhan Puolesta

Naiset Atomivoimaa Vastaan


Maan ystävät

Tekniken i livets tjänst ry

Edelleen Ei ydinvoimaa

SRP:n Lapin piirijärjestö/Lapin rauhanryhmä

Turvallisuus Pohjois-Kalotilla

Posted On ndUTCp31UTC03bUTCTue, 02 Mar 2010 12:58:28 +0000 25,2007

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Vanhentuneet ydinaseet pois Euroopasta ja tavoitteeksi ydinaseeton maailma – ensimmäinen vaihe ydinaseeton Pohjola, näin toteavat Lapin Rauhanpuolustajat.
Suunnitteilla on pohjoisten alueiden rauhan- ja ympäristöseminaari 28.3.2010.

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